By:  Heinz Brisske

Over the years, we’ve discovered that many people make a BIG mistake, catapulting their assets and loved ones right into the court system. Most of our clients want to avoid probate because it has a reputation for being expensive, time consuming, stressful – and public, meaning anyone anywhere can see who got what and how to contact them. Beneficiaries may become victims to nosy neighbors, predators, and unscrupulous “charities.”

Q:  What’s the one mistake that causes all these problems?


A:  An unfunded Living Trust.

What Does it Mean to Fund Your Living Trust?
Funding a Living Trust is simply the process of transferring assets from your name into the name of your Living Trust. Often, beneficiary designations are changed to your Living Trust, as well.

Funding is accomplished in three ways:

  1. Changing the title of the asset from your individual name (or joint names if you’re married) to the name of your Living Trust – for example, from Jane Smith to Jane Smith, Trustee of the Jane Smith Living Trust dated January 1, 2016.
  2. Assigning your interest in an asset without a title (such as artwork, jewelry, collectibles or antiques) to your Living Trust.
  3. Changing the primary or contingent beneficiary of the asset to your Living Trust. Think life insurance, retirement accounts, and annuities.

Planning Tip:  Put together a list of your assets, their values, and locations, then start transferring the most valuable ones to your Living Trust and work your way down. Keep plugging away until your Living Trust is fully funded. Our office can help.

What Happens to Assets Left Out of Your Living Trust?
For many people, avoiding probate court is a main reason they set up a Revocable Living Trust in the first place. Unfortunately, you are not “done” when the trust documents are signed. If you don’t take the next step to fund, probate court is guaranteed.

WARNING:  If your Living Trust is left unfunded, you will send your family and assets into probate court.

Which Assets Should, and Should Not, Be Transferred To Your Living Trust?
In general, you will probably want to transfer the following assets to your Living Trust:

  • Real estate – homes, rental properties, vacant land and timeshares
  • Bank and credit union accounts – checking, savings, CDs
  • Investment accounts – brokerage, agency, custody
  • Notes payable to you
  • Business interests
  • Intellectual property
  • Oil and gas interests
  • Personal effects – artwork, jewelry, collectibles, antiques

On the other hand, you will probably not want to transfer the following assets to your Living Trust:

  • IRAs, 401(k) accounts, and other tax-deferred retirement accounts – only the beneficiary should be changed
  • Life insurance – if you don’t have an irrevocable life insurance trust, name your trust as beneficiary
  • Annuities, like IRAs and other retirement accounts – only the beneficiary should be changed
  • Incentive stock options and Section 1244 stock
  • Interests in professional corporations
  • Foreign assets – in some countries funding an asset into a U.S.- based trust causes adverse tax consequences, while in other countries trusts aren’t recognized or are ignored due to forced heirship laws
  • UTMA and UGMA accounts – your minor grandchild is the owner, not you as the custodian; instead, name a successor custodian
  • Cars, trucks, boats, motorcycles and scooters – most states allow a small amount of assets, including vehicles, to pass outside of probate, in others, a beneficiary can be designated for vehicles, and in others, vehicles don’t have to go through probate at all

Planning Tip:  Work closely with your estate planning attorney to determine what should go into your Living Trust and what should stay out. Our office can help.

What Are the Benefits of Trust Funding?
Funding your Living Trust makes it possible to obtain trust benefits:

  • Your Living Trust is easy to update.
  • Your Trustee, instead of a judge, will take control of your trust assets if you become incapacitated or die.
  • Your Trustee will have direct access to your trust assets without a court order.
  • Your Trustee will be empowered to pay bills and manage, invest, sell, and reinvest your trust assets without court intervention.
  • Your private wishes will remain private instead of being publicized.
  • Settlement time, costs, and frustration are reduced.

The Bottom Line on Trust Funding
A Living Trust has a myriad of benefits, including probate avoidance. Yet, in the end, an unfunded trust doesn’t avoid probate.

ACT NOW: Call our office now and we’ll help you make sure your assets are owned properly and that your trust is up to date